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Adolescent pregnancy

Question 8 1 / 1 point

Jamison has been prescribed citalopram (Celexa) to treat his depression. Education regarding how quickly selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) antidepressants work would be:

Question options:

Appetite and concentration improve in the first 1 to 2 weeks.

Sleep should improve almost immediately upon starting citalopram.

Full response to the SSRI may take 2 to 4 months after he reaches the full therapeutic dose.

His dysphoric mood will improve in 1 to 2 weeks.

Question 9 1 / 1 point

Patients who have a poor metabolism phenotype will have:

Question options:

Slowed metabolism of a prodrug into an active drug, leading to accumulation of Prodrug

Accumulation of inactive metabolites of drugs

A need for increased dosages of medications

Increased elimination of an active drug

Question 10 1 / 1 point

The drug of choice for type 2 diabetics is metformin. Metformin:

Question options:

Decreases glycogenolysis by the liver

Increases the release of insulin from beta cells

Increases intestinal uptake of glucose

Prevents weight gain associated with hyperglycemia

Question 11 1 / 1 point

The first-line therapy for mild-persistent asthma is:

Question options:

High-dose montelukast

Theophylline

Low-dose inhaled corticosteroids

Long-acting beta-2-agonists

Question 12 1 / 1 point

All of the following statements about the Beer’s List are true except:

Question options:

It is a list of medications or medication classes that should generally be avoided in persons 65 years or older because they are either ineffective or they pose unnecessarily high risk for older persons and a safer alternative is available.

It is derived from the expert opinion of one geriatrician and is not evidence-based.

These criteria have been adopted by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services for regulation of long-term care facilities.

These criteria are directed at the general population of patients over 65 years of age and do not take disease states into consideration.

Question 13 1 / 1 point

Isosorbide dinitrate is prescribed for a patient with chronic stable angina. This drug is administered twice daily, but the schedule is 7 a.m. and 2 p.m. because:

Question options:

It is a long-acting drug with potential for toxicity.

Nitrate tolerance can develop.

Orthostatic hypotension is a common adverse effect.

It must be taken with milk or food.

Question 14 1 / 1 point

True contraindications to diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis (DTaP or Tdap) vaccine include:

Question options:

Fever up to 104oF (40.5oC) after previous DTaP vaccine

Family history of seizures after DTaP vaccine

Adolescent pregnancy

Anaphylactic reaction with a previous dose

Question 15 1 / 1 point

Gender differences between men and women in pharmacokinetics include:

Question options:

More rapid gastric emptying so that drugs absorbed in the stomach have less exposure to absorption sites

Higher proportion of body fat so that lipophilic drugs have relatively greater volumes of distribution

Increased levels of bile acids so that drugs metabolized in the intestine have higher concentrations

Slower organ blood flow rates so drugs tend to take longer to be excreted

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