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Philosophy

I want you to answer some questions for my philosophy exam the questions are essay questions you should read

 

Based on ONLY uploaded files that are: lecture notes, pdf handout, PPT, pdf book, and the below linke that locates the recorded lectures for the class. https://www.dropbox.com/sh/c8m1ksd0ces3qcw/AACiN0d2ro32Yd8_bwQKXON1a?dl=0 You shall answer the following questions and you should answer each question as long as it takes. HOWEVER, YOU MUST Answer according to the uploaded files and the recorded lectures in the above link: 1. Based on Anselm’s ontological argument, what is the nature of the contradiction in the state of mind of an atheist? Gaunilo claims that, for Anselm, the conceivability of any concept X logically implies its actual existence. Is that a correct interpretation of Anselm? Explain your answer. (You may find the answers in the handout and the first parts of recorded files) 2. Give brief account of the two a posteriori theistic arguments that we covered in class. How are such arguments different from an a priory theistic argument? How do current scientific theories (e.g. evolution and multiple universes) challenge the two a posteriori theistic arguments? 3. According to Aristotle, there are four causes. One of such causes is the efficient cause. What is the efficient cause? How did Aquinas use such a concept in his formulation of a theistic argument? (Part 2) 4. Give accounts of three of Hume’s criticism of the teleological argument? 5. Considering that God, for Pascal, is infinitely incomprehensible, what then is the role of Pascal’s Wager in the formation of a belief in God’s existence? Does theoretical reason have role in the formation of such a belief? Give an account of Pascal’s psychology of belief or his understanding of the belief-formation process. 6. What is evil? What are two kinds of evil? briefly state the reason why the reality of evil is a problem for the idea of the classical god. Give accounts of the two formulations of the problem of evil. 7. What is the significance of Hume’s thought experiments about the person who was briefed about the nature of God prior to birth and the one who was not briefed about the nature of god prior to birth ?based on the reading from hume, what are the four circumstances of evil? What is the relevance of such circumstances in Hume’s formulation of the problem of evil? 8. What are the differences between Augustinian theodicy and Irenaean theodicy? Which of two kinds of theodicy does hick favor? Why does he favor? Why does he favor one over the other ? What is Hick’s soul-making theodicy?

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