Question 1.According to Adler, feelings of helplessness and incompetence during childhood results in _____.
an inferiority complex
Question 2. _____ is associated with both novelty-seeking and extroversion.
Question 3. _____ theories emphasize the importance of genetics in the development of personality.
Question 4. According to Jung, our collective unconscious consists of _____.
all of these options
the “archaeology of the soul”
one’s cultural architecture
Question 5. According to Horney, an emotionally healthy person will _____.
move toward or away from people
move against and away from people
balance moving toward, away, and against people
move toward people only
Question 6. A major premise underlying psychoanalytic or psychodynamic theories of personality is that _____.
conscious thoughts and feelings overcome unconscious motives
unconscious forces have an enormous impact on our behavior, such as feelings, thoughts & actions
unconscious forces are responsible for negative behaviors, whereas conscious forces are responsible for positive ones
unconscious motives direct all behavior, positive or negative
Question 7. The rational part of the psyche that deals with reality and tries to meet the needs of the other two mental structures is called the _____.
none of these options
Question 8. A relatively stable and consistent characteristic that can be used to describe someone is known as a(n) _____.
Question 9. Which of the following is the CORRECT sequence of Freud’s psychosexual stages of development?
Oral latency anal genital phallic
Oral anal genital latency phallic
Oral phallic anal latency genital
Oral anal phallic latency genital
Question10. Which of the following is FALSE about humanistic psychology?
Most of its concepts cannot be empirically tested.
None of these options are false
Its assumption that all people are inherently good has not been proven.
It merely explains personality, rather than teaching how to change it.
Question11. One reason people tend to believe in pseudo personality tests is because they have “something for everyone.” This is called the _____.
Rule of Universals
Question 12. Three of the most influential neo-Freudians were _____.
Adler, Jung, and Horney
Dr. Laura, Dr. Phil, and Dr. Ruth
Plato, Aristotle, and Descartes
Pluto, Mickey, and Minnie
Question 13.The personality theorist who believed in the basic goodness of individuals, and their natural tendency toward self-actualization was _____.
Question 14. Horney believed that the strongest influence on an individual’s personality was that person’s _____.
relationship with his or her parents
Question 15. According to Freud, the thoughts and information that you can easily bring to awareness is called your _____.
Question 16. A multiphasic personality test measures _____.
personalities that emerge during different developmental phases
a range of personality traits
personalities that emerge during different phases of the moon
Question 17. Which of the following is the CORRECT list of traits in the Five-Factor model?
Strength, honesty, openness, respect, expectations (SHORE)
Openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, neuroticism (OCEAN)
Worrisome, adaptable, venerable, extroverted, stable (WAVES)
Bravery, eagerness, adaptability, cheerfulness, honesty (BEACH)
Question 18. The trait theory that explains personality in terms of openness, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism is called the _____.
Cattell and Eysenck model
factor analysis theory
Question 19. According to Bandura, _____involves a person’s belief about whether he or she can successfully engage in behaviors related to personal goals.
Question 20. Unconditional positive regard is a Rogerian term for _____.
accepting any and all behavior as a positive manifestation of self-actualization
positive behavior toward a person without attaching any contingencies