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Respond to each one… Sherroid 1. Developing Skills for Effective Leadership An effective leader should cultivate several skills to prioritize leaders

Respond to each one…


1. Developing Skills for Effective Leadership

An effective leader should cultivate several skills to prioritize leadership issues over management tasks. One essential skill is delegation. By delegating tasks to competent team members, leaders can have some free time to focus on strategic leadership activities. Covey (1991) emphasizes the importance of empowering individuals and teams to take ownership of their responsibilities, which aligns with the concept of delegation. Additionally, effective communication skills are important for leaders to convey their vision and expectations clearly, by reducing the need for micromanagement. Covey’s (1991) principles of empathetic listening and seeking first to understand, then to be understood, underscore the significance of communication in effective leadership. Moreover, time management skills are essential for leaders to prioritize tasks and allocate time efficiently. Covey’s (1991) time management matrix encourages leaders to focus on important, non-urgent activities, which are often related to leadership and long-term strategic planning.

2. Management: Art, Science, or Both?

Management can be viewed both as an art and a science, it encompasses both practical skills and creative decision-making. From a scientific perspective, management involves applying systematic approaches, theories, and analytical techniques to solve problems and optimize organizational processes. Covey (1991) discusses the science of management through concepts such as goal setting, planning, and organization, which provide structured frameworks for achieving objectives. However, management also consists of being creative thinking and adaptability, making it akin to an art form. Covey’s (1991) emphasis on proactive leadership, creative problem-solving, and synergy highlights the artistic aspect of management, where leaders must navigate complex interpersonal dynamics and make decisions based on intuition and experience.

3. Resolving Managerial Issues

One approach in Covey’s (1991) work that can be applied to resolving managerial issues is the concept of proactive leadership. Covey emphasizes the significance of taking initiative and being proactive in shaping one’s circumstances rather than merely reacting to external factors. Applied to managerial issues, this means that leaders should anticipate challenges, identify opportunities for improvement, and take proactive steps to address them. For instance, if a team is experiencing lack of communication or conflicts, a proactive leader would establish open dialogues, create clear communication channels, and implement conflict resolution strategies to prevent further issues. By adopting a proactive mindset, leaders can effectively manage and resolve a wide range of managerial challenges, ultimately fostering a more positive and productive work environment (Covey, 1991).


Skills An Effective Leader Should Have

To focus more on leadership and less on management, effective leaders should develop skills that elevate their strategic impact. One critical skill is emotional intelligence, which involves understanding and managing one’s emotions and those of others. Covey (1991) emphasizes the importance of empathy and genuine concern for others, which is central to emotional intelligence. Another key skill is visionary thinking. By envisioning future trends and challenges, leaders can make proactive decisions that steer their organizations toward long-term success (Earley & Bubb, 2013). Additionally, mastering the art of building trust is vital. Trust forms the foundation of any effective team, and leaders who consistently act with integrity and transparency foster a positive and productive work environment (Blank, 2001). In my role as a team leader, focusing on emotional intelligence, visionary thinking, and building trust enabled me to build a cohesive team and navigate complex challenges successfully.

Management: An Art or a Science, and/or both?

The debate over whether management is an art or a science is ongoing, and the answer often depends on the industry and context. On the scientific side, management involves systematic processes, data analysis, and adherence to best practices to achieve efficiency and predictability (Encyclopedia of Management, 2012). For example, in industries like manufacturing or logistics, precise metrics and standardized procedures are crucial. However, management is also an art, especially in fields that require creativity and human interaction, such as marketing or education. Here, creativity and interpersonal skills play significant roles in motivating teams and fostering innovation (Earley & Bubb, 2013). Covey (1991) argues that effective managers blend these elements, using scientific methods to ensure operational efficiency while employing artistic skills to inspire and engage their teams. My experience in a creative industry taught me that balancing data-driven decisions with a personal touch led to the best outcomes. Thus, management is both an art and a science, and the emphasis may vary depending on the industry.

Approaches in Covey (1991) That Can Be Used to Resolve Managerial Issues 

Covey (1991) offers several strategies for resolving managerial issues effectively. One approach is principle-centered leadership, which involves making decisions based on core ethical principles such as fairness, integrity, and respect. This builds a strong foundation of trust within an organization. Covey also emphasizes the importance of seeking first to understand, then to be understood. This principle encourages leaders to listen empathetically to their team’s concerns before offering solutions, which can lead to more effective problem-solving and stronger relationships (Covey, 1991). Additionally, Covey advocates for creating win-win agreements, where solutions are designed to benefit all parties involved, promoting collaboration and mutual respect (Earley & Bubb, 2013). In my role as a project manager, applying these principles helped resolve conflicts efficiently and improved team productivity. By integrating these strategies, managers can address issues effectively, fostering a resilient and adaptable organizational culture that supports long-term success.


What skill(s) do you think an effective leader should develop that would enable them to spend more time on leadership issues and less time on management issues?

An effective leader should develop certain skills and capabilities that are essential to spending more time on leadership than management issues. Meaningful delegation skills are among the central factors that an effective leader must consider in order prioritizing leadership over management. Good delegation skills help a leader select the right people for the right tasks. Another important factor to consider in order focusing on leadership rather than management is emotional intelligence (Covey, 1990). Effective leaders should be aware of their emotions and how they affect their work. Emotional intelligence enhances leaders’ empathy, a critical aspect of handling leadership issues. Thirdly, effective leaders can focus on leadership issues rather than management issues if they consider leadership development aspects, including mentoring, coaching, and continuous learning (Doyle, 2022). With proper mentorship, coaching, and a desire for continuous learning, a leader is better positioned to handle leadership issues.

Is management an art or a science, and/or both?

Management can be considered both an art and a science. As a science, management provides a critical framework for theories, principles, and empirical evidence, directing an individual toward the best practices to maintain (Firm, 2021). It is a systematic approach entailing planning, controlling, directing, and organizing activities using data-driven approaches and predictable concepts to make informed decisions. On the other hand, the artistic nature of management involves using skills to improve one’s creativity and innovation to remain adaptable to various contexts (Firm, 2021). As both art and science, management involves the use of personal skills and judgment to effectively apply standardized principles and theories at work to attain desired outcomes.

Identify an approach in Covey (1991) that can be used for resolving managerial issues.

Although managerial issues can be resolved using a variety of approaches, Covey insists that a Win/Win paradigm is the most appropriate because it involves building trust and collaboration that ensures long-term success (Covey, 1990). Unlike other approaches, Covey suggests that a Win/Win paradigm is based on mutual benefits to an individual and organization, meaning it is advantageous to all parties involved. Critically, this approach to problem resolution is beneficial in the sense that it entails fair allocation of resources, transparency, and flexibility to accommodate each party’s concerns. A Win/Win paradigm involves a dialogue between two conflicting parties, meaning it encourages collaboration.

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